Somerville College is privileged to own a number of special collections of national importance, as well as the archives that contain the official records of the College from its earliest times to the present day.
These special collections and archives are open to researchers and students by appointment, via the details at bottom. You can read more about the individual collections below.
The John Stuart Mill Library
In 1905, John Stuart Mill’s step daughter Helen Taylor, left what remained of her step-father’s library (c 2,000 volumes) to Somerville College to be used by undergraduates in their studies. For the next sixty years, the collection was on open shelves for the use of students and it was not until the 1960s that it was decided to gather all JSM’s books together in a closed collection. The books reflect his varied interests and range in subject from political theory through literature to natural science and mathematics.
Many of the books belonged to JSM’s father, the political writer James Mill, and contain annotations from both men. A project was carried out by Robert Fenn in the 1980s to identify books with marginalia. Though never published, his notes are available for consultation in the library. More recently, the college has partnered with Professor Albert Pionke at the University of Alabama on a project to digitise the marginalia nad make it freely available. Results to date have been published by Professor Pionke and his team on the Mill Marginalia Online website.
The books are not catalogued on the University union catalogue SOLO, but are listed here: JS Mill Library(pdf 208 kb). Visitors wishing to consult the library for research purposes should make an appointment with the Librarian.
The Library has an active Friends group for whom events, private viewings and seminars are put on three times a year. If you would like to join, please contact the Librarian for more details and an application form. We also publish an annual newsletter for the Friends and back issues can be found below:
Mary Somerville Papers
The College is fortunate to have been given Mary Somerville’s personal, business and working papers which together form a fascinating reflection of her huge network of friends and acquaintances. The collection contains letters from Mathematicians (Laplace, Fourier), astronomers (William and John Herschel), geologists and biologists (Lyell, Darwin) as well as politicians and writers (Lord Brougham, John Stuart Mill, Josephine Butler, Maria Edgeworth). The papers are held at the Bodleian Library and the catalogue may be accessed online. Requests for visits should be addressed to the Bodleian.
Amelia Edwards Collection
Amelia Edwards (1831-1892) was a writer, traveller and Egyptologist whose passion for Egypt (reflected in her best-selling book A Thousand Miles Up the Nile) sparked an interest in all things Egyptian in England in the late nineteenth Century. Thanks largely to her efforts, the Egypt Exploration Society was set up in 1882 to promote and regularise the excavations of tombs in Egypt.
A supporter of education for women, she left her books, papers and watercolours to Somerville along with a small collection of Greek and Roman pots. The books are not catalogued on the University union catalogue SOLO but a finding aid of her papers is available: ABE Catalogue. Her watercolours are not on permanent display but may be viewed for research purposes by appointment with the librarian.
Percy Withers Collection
Withers (1867-1945) was a doctor and occasional writer, who accumulated a circle of illustrious friends during the course of his life, including AE Housman, Max Beerbohm, Paul Nash, Lascelles Abercrombie, Gordon Bottomley, Walter de la Mare and Robert Bridges.
The Somerville collection includes photographs, letters, drawings and poems from these men and was presented to Somerville by his daughters Audrey and Monica (who were both alumnae of Somerville, as was Percy’s wife Mary). The collection has a finding aid: Percy Withers Collection (pdf 444kb), and the papers may be consulted for research purposes by appointment with the librarian.
Vernon Lee (Violet Paget)
Violet Paget (1856-1935) was a writer who published more than 40 volumes on aesthetics, Italian renaissance, music, critical theory and supernatural fiction. She corresponded with a wide circle of friends from the literary, music and art worlds and much of her incoming personal correspondence (>2,500 letters) are preserved in the Somerville collection, which can be referenced here.
Margery Fry (1874-1958) was Principal of Somerville for five years between 1926 and 1931. She is perhaps better known for her work in the field of penal reform, becoming the first secretary of the Howard League for Penal Reform and being appointed one of the first women magistrates in the country. Her brother was the art critic and painter Roger Fry. Somerville holds a collection of her correspondence and papers, which can be consulted in the Index to Margery Fry Collection.
Vera Brittain (1893-1970), the writer, pacifist and feminist, is perhaps most famous as the ‘voice of the Lost Generation’ of World War One through her autobiographical work Testament of Youth – one of the first accounts of the Great War from a woman’s point of view, and undoubtedly the most influential.
The collection at Somerville consists of a number of her letters and a large amount of research material used in writing her biography, and were given to Somerville Library by her biographers Mark Bostridge and Paul Berry. A summary of the available holdings is contained in the Vera Brittain-Paul Berry Index (pdf 16kb). The papers are now housed in the Vera Brittain Room in the College archives.
Margaret Kennedy (1896-1967) was a British novelist and playwright. She attended Somerville College in the years 1915 to 1918, studying Modern History. She began her career as a writer with the historical work A Century of Revolution (1922), yet it was her best-selling novel, The Constant Nymph, which catapulted her to fame in 1924. It was later dramatized, with Noël Coward in the lead role.
After her marriage in 1925, she turned her writing skills to plays, the most popular of which was Escape Me Never in 1934, starring Elizabeth Bergner. She returned to novel-writing at the close of the Second World War, and in 1953 won the James Tait Black memorial prize for Troy Chimneys. Her papers and correspondence were donated to Somerville College by her family in 2012 and are listed: M Kennedy Finding Aid (pdf 26kb)
Vivien Noakes/Edward Lear Research Collection
Somerville alumna Vivien Noakes was a world authority on Edward Lear and over many years built up an impressive research collection covering his life and works.
The collection includes copies of many of Lear’s letters including some that have been subsequently lost or gone into private collections. This recent acquisition is undergoing work to review, curate and catalogue the papers and to ensure that all items are held with the permission of owners and copyright holders. We have not therefore, provided a finding aid. However, please contact the archivist if you would like to know more about this collection.
Muriel St Clare Byrne
Muriel St Clare Byrne (1895-1983) was a prominent historian and researcher who specialised in the Tudor period. She attended Somerville College from 1914-17 and studied English. She later became an assistant tutor in English at the College in 1919, and graduated with an M.A. in 1920. Afterwards, she lectured in London on Elizabethan theatre, becoming a governor of the Royal Shakespeare Theatre. In 1937, she collaborated with an old friend and Somerville contemporary, Dorothy Leigh Sayers, in writing the play Busman’s Honeymoon.
Her most notable work, however, was The Lisle Letters a collection of and commentary on the correspondence of Arthur Plantagenet. It took her 50 years to produce the six volumes, which were eventually published in 1981 on her 86th birthday. Somerville College has a collection of her papers, correspondence and photographs which are listed here: Muriel St Clare Byrne collection.
How to Access the Somerville Archives and Special Collections
The special collections and archives are open to researchers by appointment. Normal opening hours are Tuesday, Wednesday and Friday, 10.00am-4.30pm. Visitors should address their queries to Sarah Butler (Librarian and Archivist) or Ms Katherine O’Donnell (Assistant Archivist).
Students are welcome to consult the Archives and Special Collections further to a letter or email of support from their supervisors addressed to the Librarian, Sarah Butler.
Many questions concerning the period 1879-1920 may be answered by consulting the Education and Activism website which contains digitised material, videos, photographs and essays complied by the archivists of the former women’s colleges, the Bodleian Library and Oxford University History Faculty
When visiting the archives/special collections, only laptops or pencils may be used for notetaking. A limited amount of photography is permitted (no flash) and researchers may also request documents to be scanned (subject to copyright) at a rate of £15 per hour plus VAT, min. 1 hour.