The global food system is failing twice over.

It neither adequately feeds the world’s population nor adequately safeguards the global environment. The scale of global malnutrition is staggering: in many countries more than half the children are stunted, and four children are estimated to die every minute due to malnutrition. Simultaneously the agricultural sector that provides (inadequate) nutrition is the main driver of ecosystem damage and species loss worldwide and agriculture for food is responsible for between 20-30% of global greenhouse gas emissions.

Sustainable nutrition is the sustainable production of food that is sufficient to provide the body’s dietary needs in a culturally appropriate manner. Critically sustainable nutrition bridges the consumption-production divide that typifies much food system research.

The environment

OICSD research on the environment, led by Prof Alex Rogers, focuses on the blue economy. This research has a focus on how to reduce human impacts on the global oceans, and includes nutritional aspects as well as deep sea mining, policing of the high seas, and hydro-thermal vent ecology.

Click here for information on our project on Seed Funding.

See the outcomes of our conference held in July 2016 A complex recipe – why food is about more than what we eat: nutrition, power and the environment


Amon, D.J., Glover, A.G., Wiklund, H., Marsh, L., Linse, K., Rogers, A.D., Copley, J.T. (2013) The discovery of a natural whale fall in the Antarctic deep sea. Deep-Sea Research Part Ii-Topical Studies in Oceanography 92, 87-96.

Barbier, E.B., Moreno-Mateos, D., Rogers, A.D., Aronson, J., Pendleton, L., Danovaro, R., Henry, L.-A., Morato, T., Ardron, J., Van Dover, C.L. (2014) Protect the deep sea. Nature 505, 475-477.

Bijma, J., Poertner, H.-O., Yesson, C., Rogers, A.D. (2013) Climate change and the oceans – What does the future hold? (vol 74, pg 495, 2013). Marine Pollution Bulletin 76, 436-436.

Chen, C., Copley, J.T., Linse, K., Rogers, A.D. (2015a) Low connectivity between ‘scaly-foot gastropod’ (Mollusca: Peltospiridae) populations at hydrothermal vents on the Southwest Indian Ridge and the Central Indian Ridge. Organisms Diversity & Evolution 15, 663-670.

Chen, C., Copley, J.T., Linse, K., Rogers, A.D., Sigwart, J. (2015b) How the mollusc got its scales: convergent evolution of the molluscan scleritome. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 114, 949-954.

Chen, C., Copley, J.T., Linse, K., Rogers, A.D., Sigwart, J.D. (2015c) The heart of a dragon: 3D anatomical reconstruction of the ‘scaly-foot gastropod’ (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Neomphalina) reveals its extraordinary circulatory system. Frontiers in Zoology 12.

Chen, C., Linse, K., Copley, J.T., Rogers, A.D. (2015d) The ‘scaly-foot gastropod’: a new genus and species of hydrothermal vent-endemic gastropod (Neomphalina: Peltospiridae) from the Indian Ocean. Journal of Molluscan Studies 81, 322-334.

Chen, C., Linse, K., Roterman, C.N., Copley, J.T., Rogers, A.D. (2015e) A new genus of large hydrothermal vent-endemic gastropod (Neomphalina: Peltospiridae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 175, 319-335.

Clucas, G.V., Dunn, M.J., Dyke, G., Emslie, S.D., Levy, H., Naveen, R., Polito, M.J., Pybus, O.G., Rogers, A.D., Hart, T. (2014) A reversal of fortunes: climate change ‘winners’ and ‘losers’ in Antarctic Peninsula penguins. Scientific reports 4.

Dolan, E., Tyler, P.A., Yesson, C., Rogers, A.D. (2013) Phylogeny and systematics of deep-sea sea pens (Anthozoa: Octocorallia: Pennatulacea). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 69, 610-618.

Freer, J.J., Mable, B.K., Clucas, G., Rogers, A.D., Polito, M.J., Dunn, M., Naveen, R., Levy, H., Hart, T. (2015) Limited genetic differentiation among chinstrap penguin (Pygoscelis antarctica) colonies in the Scotia Arc and Western Antarctic Peninsula. Polar Biology 38, 1493-1502.

Gathorne-Hardy, A., (2013a) Greenhouse gas emissions from rice, Working paper, South Asia Program, School of Interdisciplinary Area Studies, Oxford University, UK.,

Gathorne-Hardy, A. (2013b) The greenhouse gas emissions, energy and water use from four different rice production systems. Working paper, SIAS, .

Gathorne-Hardy, A., (2013c) Life cycle assessment of four rice production systems: High Yielding Varieties, Rainfed, System of Rice Intensification and Organic, in: Harriss-White, B. (Ed.), Technology, Jobs and A Lower Carbon Future: Methods, Substance and Ideas for the Informal Economy (The case of rice in India)              New Delhi.

Gathorne-Hardy, A. (2013d) On Life Cycle Analysis: Baselines and Boundaries. Internal discussion document.  School of Interdisciplinary Area Studies, Oxford University, UK.

Gathorne-Hardy, A., Harriss-White, B. (2013) Embodied emissions and dis-embodied jobs.  . Symposium on Technology, Jobs and a Lower Carbon Future.

Gathorne-Hardy, A., Reddy, D.N., Harriss-White, B. (2013) A Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of greenhouse gas emissions from SRI and flooded rice production in SE India. Taiwan Journal of Water Conservancy 61, 120-125.

Gathorne-Hardy, A., Reddy, D.N., Venkatanarayana, M., Harriss-White, B. (2016) System of Rice Intensification provides environmental and economic gains but at the expense of social sustainability—A multidisciplinary analysis in India. Agricultural Systems 143, 159-168.

Head, C.E.I., Bonsall, M.B., Koldewey, H., Pratchett, M.S., Speight, M., Rogers, A.D. (2015) High prevalence of obligate coral-dwelling decapods on dead corals in the Chagos Archipelago, central Indian Ocean. Coral Reefs 34, 905-915.

Henry, L.-A., Frank, N., Hebbeln, D., Wienberg, C., Robinson, L., van de Flierdt, T., Dahl, M., Douarin, M., Morrison, C.L., Lopez Correa, M., Rogers, A.D., Ruckelshausen, M., Roberts, J.M. (2014) Global ocean conveyor lowers extinction risk in the deep sea. Deep-Sea Research Part I-Oceanographic Research Papers 88, 8-16.

Linse, K., Huvenne, V.A.I., Marsh, L., Reid, W.D.K., Sweeting, C.J., Rogers, A.D., Copley, J.T., Tyler, P.A. (2013) Faunal composition of the seven identified assemblages from the E9 vent field, Southern Ocean. Figshare.

Morris, K.J., Tyler, P.A., Masson, D.G., Huvenne, V.I.A., Rogers, A.D. (2013) Distribution of cold-water corals in the Whittard Canyon, NE Atlantic Ocean. Deep-Sea Research Part Ii-Topical Studies in Oceanography 92, 136-144.

Rogers, A.D., (2015) Environmental Change in the Deep Ocean, in: Gadgil, A., Tomich, T.P. (Eds.), Annual Review of Environment and Resources, Vol 40, pp. 1-38.

Rogers, A.D., Laffoley, D. (2013) Introduction to the special issue: The global state of the ocean; interactions between stresses, impacts and some potential solutions. Synthesis papers from the International Programme on the State of the Ocean 2011 and 2012 workshops. Marine Pollution Bulletin 74, 491-494.

Rogers, A.D., Yesson, C., Gravestock, P., (2015) A Biophysical and Economic Profile of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands as Potential Large-Scale Antarctic Protected Areas, in: Curry, B.E. (Ed.), Advances in Marine Biology, Vol 70, pp. 1-286.

Sumaila, U.R., Lam, V.W.Y., Miller, D.D., Teh, L., Watson, R.A., Zeller, D., Cheung, W.W.L., Cote, I.M., Rogers, A.D., Roberts, C., Sala, E., Pauly, D. (2015) Winners and losers in a world where the high seas is closed to fishing. Scientific reports 5, 8481-8481.

Taylor, M.L., Rogers, A.D. (2015) Evolutionary dynamics of a common sub-Antarctic octocoral family. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 84, 185-204.

Taylor, M.L., Yesson, C., Agnew, D.J., Mitchell, R.E., Rogers, A.D. (2013) Using fisheries by-catch data to predict octocoral habitat suitability around South Georgia. Journal of Biogeography 40, 1688-1701.

van der Grient, J.M.A., Rogers, A.D., (2015) Body Size Versus Depth: Regional and Taxonomical Variation in Deep-Sea Meio- and Macrofaunal Organisms, in: Curry, B.E. (Ed.), Advances in Marine Biology, Vol 71, pp. 71-108.

Woodall, L.C., Sanchez-Vidal, A., Canals, M., Paterson, G.L.J., Coppock, R., Sleight, V., Calafat, A., Rogers, A.D., Narayanaswamy, B.E., Thompson, R.C. (2014a) The deep sea is a major sink for microplastic debris. Royal Society Open Science 1.

Woodall, L.C., Sanchez-Vidal, A., Canals, M., Paterson, G.L.J., Coppock, R., Sleight, V., Calafat, A., Rogers, A.D., Narayanaswamy, B.E., Thompson, R.C. (2014b) The deep sea is a major sink for microplastic debris. Royal Society Open Science 1, 140317-140317.

Woods, J., Brown, G., Gathorne-Hardy, A., Sylvester-Bradley, R., Kindred, D., Mortimer, N., (2008) Facilitating carbon (GHG) accreditation schemes for biofuels, feedstock production REPORT 435 Part 1 HGCA.

Wright, E.P., Kemp, K., Rogers, A.D., Yesson, C. (2015) Genetic structure of the tall sea pen Funiculinaquadrangularis in NW Scottish sea lochs. Marine Ecology-an Evolutionary Perspective 36, 659-667.

Younger, J.L., Clucas, G.V., Kooyman, G., Wienecke, B., Rogers, A.D., Trathan, P.N., Hart, T., Miller, K.J. (2015) Too much of a good thing: sea ice extent may have forced emperor penguins into refugia during the last glacial maximum. Global Change Biology 21, 2215-2226.