The Global Risk report 2015 identified water among the topmost risks to world economies. Reducing water risk and enabling water security forms an integral part of a majority of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), whether it is, clean water for all, building sustainable cities, climate action or even the goal of peace, justice, and strong institutions.
This wide implication of water security as seen within the SDG’s demonstrate that water cannot be studied in isolation and requires an interdisciplinary approach that captures the complexity and interlinkages involved. The domain of water research integrates fields of economics, hydrology, geology, climate science, agricultural studies, social behavior studies, political analysis, mathematics, management studies, engineering, international relations and more.
The vital role played by water in life and livelihood within rural and urban settings of India is explored by scholars at the Oxford-India Centre for Sustainable Development. The researchers within Oxford-India Centre are striving to answer important questions towards improving water security for people and the environment of India. Their research ranges from how to achieve sustainable water use on farms in India, improving coastal coral reef ecosystems, to water risk management in urban settings. They strive to understand the multiple cross-sectoral interactions within the system as a whole, applying mixed methods to understand these complexities such as quantitative econometric and Bayesian modelling techniques, network analysis, and qualitative behavioural analysis. The scholars are also engaging wide array of stakeholders to disseminate and share their research findings. The stakeholders range from the Indian High Commission in London, to public sector officials in the Indian government as well as donors and inter-governmental organizations. These engagements serve to ensure translation of scientific evidence into meaningful policy change in India